1. Chen Du, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas
Gallery Boxes for Education Programs in Small Museums2. Elise Dukart and Emily Williams, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas
Abstract – Educational programs within a museum are significant tools that can be used to connect the public with museum resources. A continuing challenge for many museums is trying to meet the needs of visitors while having a small education staff. The use of Gallery Boxes/Backpacks is a way that can help connect visitors with content, and also potentially reach more visitors than a small education staff can accommodate. For an exhibit on African and North American grasslands, the Education Division of the Museum of Texas Tech University created several education boxes, for diverse ages, that expand content knowledge for visitors and their families. Boxes contain objects, photos, and/or picture cards. Placed adjacent to the entrance of the gallery, the boxes encourage parents and children to explore focused content related to the exhibit. The Gallery Boxes provide a distinguished learning experience for different ages and needs.
Storage Solutions for Bed Frames in Museum Collections
Abstract – Museum staff often face difficulties determining the best storage solutions for objects of irregular size. One example is bed frames, items that typically are large and intricately structured. These characteristics contribute to preventive conservation concerns regarding storage space and potential object damage. To address the issue of storing bed frames, various housing options, including vertical and horizontal storage, have been tested by comparing small-scale models housing a selection of bed frames in ranging sizes. This comparison determined the stability and consolidation of frames in different storage options while keeping in mind the need to maintain a small storage footprint. Combining vertical and horizontal storage units have been found necessary to accommodate all bed frame requirements. These results demonstrate possible housing alternatives that improve the organization and stability of such irregular objects, protect the objects from themselves and other bed frames, reduce storage space, and promote current preventive conservation practices.
3. James Ferguson, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas
Hard Hat Required….Protecting Collections During Construction4. Lynsay Flory, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota
Abstract – When a museum undergoes construction, all collections need to be protected from construction equipment, dust, and other airborne particulates all on a limited budget. The Museum of Texas Tech University recently underwent construction for the institution’s Life Safety Project. Objects were relocated to safe areas whenever possible, or wrapped with Tyvek and plastic sheeting. All cabinets and shelving in a collection area were wrapped in plastic and sealed with tape to ensure dust and airborne particulates did not enter through small openings. Construction professionals placed additional protective measures. Construction work was done with at least one museum professional present that could stop work if the collections were at risk. These measures protected documents when the new sprinkler heads leaked in our Documents Room. These practices showed that any museum, regardless of staff or budget, are capable of protecting collections during construction projects.
Private Histories for the Public Good5. Nikki Greer and Sarah Jones, Lubbock Lake Landmark Intern, Lubbock, Texas; Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas
Abstract – Non-professional histories, versions of the past created by private individuals, are propagated in ways that draw the public. By researching how grassroots history engages the public, professionals can find ways to incorporate private methods into their own work in an ethical manner. Personal history can be seen across the Mountain-Plains region today. Threshing shows are one example. Through observations in three states, interviews, and additional documentation, this case study finds that threshing shows, and museum events with similar structures, draw up to tens of thousands of people, most looking for a personal connection to the region’s past. Museums often find such lay methods impractical, labor intensive, and hard to sustain. Case study data show community collaboration, heightened interest in local history, and museum relevance are outcomes worthy of the investment. Consciously and carefully opening up museums to the possibilities inherent in personal pasts holds potential benefits for entire communities.
Increasing Special Education Visitorship Using Promotional Methods: A Case Study at the Lubbock Lake Landmark
6. Nicole Hawk, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas
Abstract – The Lubbock Lake Landmark, an active archaeological and nature preserve, is committed to providing experiences that encourage and engage learners in nature and history. The Landmark continues to expand educational opportunities that encourage life-long learning by providing a variety of low sensory activities for visitors with special needs. The case study at the Landmark has studied promotional methods with the objective of increasing attendance of special needs children and their families. Promotional methods include school outreach, social media postings, media outlets, and interaction with local children-focused organizations. Visitors have been given surveys to provide feedback about how they heard about the Landmark, their visit experience, and likelihood of a return visit. Attendance numbers have been recorded and evaluated. Surveys indicate that organizational interaction generated the most resulting visits. This case study establishes insights for museums and heritage sites on the best advertising practices to reach the special education community.
The Artist Surrogate – A New Collections Management Document
7. Katie Holt, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas
Abstract – Conservators face ethical and technical issues without artist guidance upon repairing damaged works. It is a challenge to undertake repairs without impinging on the artist's intent, especially if the artist is no longer living. Developed in the Art Division of the Museum of Texas Tech University alongside research on the most common conservation issues, a new collections management document called the Artist Surrogate collects detailed information on all materials used and advice from the artist in case of damage to the work or future need for conservation. Its depth of inquiry into object description ensures that the document can be employed widely in many museums. The creation of the Artist Surrogate is the first phase of a two-part project. The second phase is testing of the document by several museums as they acquire works of art by living artists to determine whether the document is versatile enough to be effectual.
Developing Best Practices for the Preservation and Exhibition of Herbarium Specimens
8. Alexandra Jones and Raven Lafave, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas
Abstract – Among natural history museums, herbaria have a unique set of circumstances when it comes to balancing exhibition of a specimen while maintaining the longevity of the specimen. Several of the mounted specimens found in the Texas Tech University Herbarium showcase a lack of proper method and materials used. This study involves compiling, analyzing, and discussing different preservation and mounting methods for herbarium specimens, across different herbaria. Herbarium curators from different institutions have been interviewed and a review conducted that focused on different mounting strategies. Based on these approaches, appropriate mounting strategies have been identified. These also may vary depending on the type of plant material. Utilizing these strategies ensures best preservation and increased knowledge regarding proper housing and organization of collections, as well as improved display techniques among museums and libraries. This study sets the stage to develop a best practice network across several herbaria and raise visibility for herbaria among local audiences via proper and effective exhibition.
Public Insight on Online Museum Databases
9. Taylor Mills, Museum Studies Program, University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, Oklahoma
Abstract – Project aims are to find a free of charge, user-friendly online database that can bring awareness to lesser known resources and to encourage access to online collection databases. The constant threat of budget cuts to museums should encourage museum professionals to create cost-effective databases. Database services that are free of charge, user friendly, and accessible to the public create an appeal for museums. Lack of security and possible breach of information may discourage museums from using these databases. Three free online databases for museum use have been tested by inputting objects that are not security sensitive, in order to determine if the databases meet the standards and best practices set by museums. Data are assessed by ranking the number of objects allowed on a single database, limited accessibility, and amount of storage available for museums to input information. Results indicate these databases serve public purpose for museums. By using free, secure, and user-friendly database creation software, museums can achieve accountability for their collections.
The Dutch Church Collection Project at London’s Lambeth Palace
Abstract – The Dutch Church Collection Project was a cooperative project between the University of Central Oklahoma and London’s Lambeth Palace Library and Dutch Church. The reading room of the Library in London served as the central location for the project. Using the Lambeth Palace database, students cataloged books by measuring, photographing, and counting the folios within each book. Students received field work experience unavailable to them in Oklahoma, and they developed their network to include international professionals. This project allowed the institutions to use their time and money for other aspects of their collections and contributed to the Dutch Short-Title Catalog that international researchers use to understand what books are available. It demonstrated that students benefit from applied research opportunities, for it helps familiarize them with diverse museum practices and collections. The project effected the students, the museum professionals in London, and universal scholarship.
10. Megan Ostrenga, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas
Evaluating Oneself: A Method to Determine the Efficacy of an Institution’s Educational Programming
Abstract – Through a comparative study and ranking of 16 National Park Junior Ranger Programs, an evaluation system to determine the efficacy of an educational program has been developed. This evaluation system consists of a rubric and scoring system that assesses programs through two different lenses. The first rubric identifies parallels between specific education programs and the programming done by associated regional institutions, providing a method to monitor consistency throughout all affiliated programs. The second rubric grades the educational programming from a teacher’s perspective through the program’s application of Bloom’s Taxonomy, isolation of action verbs that lead to higher levels of thinking, differentiation in activities for various learning styles, compliance with national and state educational standards, and integration of current events, cultural dynamics, or “shock” strategies. These evaluation methods can help institutions determine the strengths and weaknesses within their educational programing and target practices needing improvement.
11. Jessica Stepp, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas
Expanding the Utility of Collections Management Software for Disaster Preparedness
Abstract – Disaster preparedness is recognized widely as a critical component of museum practice. The Museum of Texas Tech University uses FileMaker Pro to gather disaster preparedness information to produce an all-inclusive disaster plan. The process of planning is equally as important as the resulting plan because staff learn the institution's vulnerabilities, risks, and hazards, and identify response and preparedness measures. To involve as many staff as possible, streamline data collection, and facilitate institutional data analysis, the Museum uses paper and digital FileMaker Pro forms to capture risks, hazards, vulnerabilities, preventive measures, and emergency supplies from collections, administrative, educational, security, custodial, and support group viewpoints. Form completion occurs through three pathways: 1) non-digital; 2) physical to digital; 3) digital only. Project outcomes include efficient collection of information and enabling the production of a comprehensive plan. This data collection approach is applicable to other museums that have access to a customizable, database software.
12. Alyssa Stewart, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas
The Red Scare: Deterioration of Red Fabric in Quilts Circa 1850-1865
Abstract – The red fabric found in certain quilts circa 1850-1865 in the Clothing and Textiles Collection of the Museum of Texas Tech University is deteriorating. Objectives for the current research are to determine why it is happening and how to prevent it. Research methodology involves review of publications from other institutions with similar issues, interviews with quilt historians, and testing of fibers from deteriorated fabric. Testing determines whether the fabric in question is single fiber or blended fiber and whether dyes used in subsequent years are different than dyes in cotton manufactured between 1850 and 1865. Results indicate a difference between the dyeing and manufacturing techniques in the production of cotton from 1850-1865 and the previous and subsequent years. The intent is to preserve similar textiles better and to keep this deterioration from happening in other collections. The findings directly benefit curators and collectors in preserving mid-19th century quilts.
13. Alex Van Allen, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas
Revision of the Museum of Texas Tech University’s Registration Division Policies and Procedures
Abstract – The policies and procedures of the Registration Division of the Museum of Texas Tech University required revisions and updates to provide clear language for the division’s staff and students, and improved guidance for the Museum’s collecting and exhibit divisions. Registration offered the most suitable division to observe the differences between these divisions due to its status as the Museum’s documentation center. It regularly interacted with these other divisions and handled forms. Revisions emphasized the need for clarity, and more specific language for the differences between divisions, establish best practices, and consistent procedures. A thorough review of the specific texts of the two documents was required to determine the optimal arrangement of information within the documents, ensuring that they are complete, up-to-date, and easily accessible. Both documents help the Museum serve its mission and employ best practices for its objects, protecting them and providing an example for other museums to reference.
14. Shinara Weathersby and Sara Breshears, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas
So You Want to Know What Your Visitors Are Thinking?
Abstract – One of the most significant issues facing museums today is collecting visitor feedback about exhibits and their overall experience at the museum. Current study objectives are to identify the most effective data collection and analyzation methodologies and how it can be beneficial to institutions and the community. Three different surveying methods have been used (an electronic survey, a paper survey, and a one-on-one survey) conducted over a two-month period and the resulting feedback has been evaluated using quantitative analysis. Although one type of survey works better than the others, the same survey method may not work as well for other institutions. This study provides the basis for information gathering for other institutions and in areas such as marketing, exhibit design, and visitor experience.