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2019 Poster Sessions

Poster Session

The Poster Session is an exhibit of Poster Presentations with an academic or professional focus. Each presenter makes brief remarks and answers questions to those who are circulating in the room. The format provides an introduction for people who have never presented at a conference or who want to present new research.

Posters efficiently communicate concepts and information to an audience using a combination of visuals and texts, interacting with viewers in an informal way.  An abstract is a concise written summary of an undertaking such as a project, program, or investigation.  An abstract is not a complete summary of an undertaking but instead highlights the most important points.

Presenters stand by their poster throughout the Poster Session, to offer information and engage in dialogue with conference delegates.  There are two poster categories:  Professional Posters and Graduate Student Posters.  

Chair:  Dr. Eileen Johnson, Director of Academic and Curatorial Programs, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 

Sponsored by Museum of Texas Tech University

Speakers and Topics

Professional Posters

1.  Robert Bodewalt, James Lopez, Paul Clark, and Alfred Lorber, Central New Mexico Community College and The National Museum of Nuclear Science & History, Rio Rancho, New Mexico

Virtual Docent Exhibit Placard Detail Enhanced with QR Codes
Abstract – The ultimate visitor experience at the National Museum of Nuclear Science & History is a tour given by a docent.  When a docent is not available, Virtual Docent provides the next-best experience. Virtual Docent is a one page per exhibit WordPress web site, with each page designed to provide high-level and detailed information via videos, pictures and text with minimal user interaction.  Visitors access Virtual Docent via their smart phone’s web browser. Pages are found by scanning a QR code located at each exhibit. Favorable feedback has been obtained from 39 iPhone and 21 Android users at a recent 200 visitor museum event. The major challenge is producing and presenting content that is engaging to visitors ranging from elementary school to PhD engineers. Simplicity in web-page design, content and access are key. All three continue to be refined and new technologies are being investigated such as Near-Field Communication used in Tap to Pay.

2.  David F Bower, Dorothy McGeorge, Charline Wells, Albuquerque Museum, Albuquerque, New Mexico

Engaging Learners: A Case Study of Docent Training at the Albuquerque Museum
Abstract – Training of new docents at the Albuquerque Museum is conducted every other year.  Training evaluations from 2015-2016 identified many areas for improvement. From 2016 – 2017, docents and education curators revised the docent training program. Using an inductive thinking model, process of planning and implementing these revisions are summarized. The museum Docent Council created a Steering Committee to identify areas for improvement, and then created work groups to study these areas. Work group recommendations identified overlapping needs that were integrated into specific areas for revision. The 2017 – 2018 training year revisions addressed tour planning and delivery skills, demonstration tours, use of hands-on objects, application of adult learning concepts, and feedback and evaluation. Training evaluations from the 2017 training year indicated significant success with the revised training program. Lessons learned from training revisions highlighted the value of adult learning concepts, identifying cross-group issues, and developing a holistic view of docent training.

3.  Sharon Callahan, Joy L. Poole, and Mimi Roberts, New Mexico Heritage Preservation Alliance, New Mexico State Library, and New Mexico Association of Museum, Santa Fe, New Mexico

Santa Fe Trail – The Great Prairie Highway (1821-1880) – Community Perspectives and Outreach to Diverse Audiences
Abstract – Bi-centennial planning celebrating the Santa Fe Trail offers opportunities to rethink anniversary commemorations by bringing new perspectives to the significance of transportation, commerce, immigration, and scientific exploration. To rally museums and interpretive center representatives along the historic route from Independence, Missouri to Santa Fe, two questions are posed to open discussion. One focuses on collaboration through unique local impacted community perspectives to develop, market, and deliver programs commemorating the 200th anniversary. The second concerns reaching new audiences communicating recent scholarship dismantling stereotypical, romanticized views and myths, by revealing the colorful, diverse cast of people whose lives and cultures intersected along the trail.  The collaboration builds upon advancing more inclusive citizen and community connectivity honoring the trail’s legacy with catalytic economic and heritage benefits to further civic engagement and representation.

4.  Sarah Carlson, Denver Museum of Nature and Science, Denver, Colorado

Enhancing Preservation and Access to Archaeological Collections at the Denver Museum of Nature and Science
Abstract – The Denver Museum of Nature and Science Archaeology Collection represents an important, yet underutilized, cross-section of ancient material culture from around the world.  The collection contains more than 72,000 objects, yet its contents are unknown to the vast majority of potentially interested people and communities. In 2014, the Museum opened a new collections facility, and in 2017 obtained a National Endowment for the Humanities grant to move, organize and rehouse this collection. Using archival materials and avoiding adhesives, custom recess mounts were designed to cradle each object and support their unique storage needs. As part of these efforts, each piece was photographed for the online Imu database, and the collections reorganized by culture area in the new space. Research projects have been facilitated by the new collection space and workshop. These efforts improve accessibility for scholars, students, source communities, and the public that will facilitate humanities projects and research, cultural resilience, and scientific discovery.

5.  Stephanie Hawkins, Las Cruces Museum System, Las Cruces, New Mexico

Teen Impact:  Leadership through Teen Science Café
Abstract – Teenagers can be a tough audience for museums.  The Las Cruces Museum of Nature & Science has developed a teen advisory board through implementation of a Teen Science Café program to strengthen the connection between the museum and this audience.  High school students interested in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) volunteer to plan, organize, and run monthly Teen Science Café events at the museum during the school year.  These events connect their peers to local STEM professionals through relaxed, informal, hands-on experiences at the museum and offer advisory board members an opportunity to develop social and professional skills.  In following the Teen Science Café model, the museum has been able to foster these important relationships and develop additional programming based on the teenagers’ interests and advice.

6.  Paulette R. Hebert, June Park, and Mackenzie Erdley, Design, Housing and Merchandising, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma

Malaysian Cultural Museum Illumination:  Special Considerations
Abstract – As persons age, they require more illumination to see well.  Museums must light artifacts to reveal inherent visual qualities and associated labels.  However, some artifacts are at risk for becoming damaged by light.  This field study describes and assesses current illumination of cultural heritage artifacts observed in situ at a Malaysian museum.  Light levels were measured with a hand-held meter using industry methods.  Vignettes were photographed.  Electric light sources were examined.  Exhibited artifacts, all illuminated by LED, were identified as textiles, paintings, wood statues, and paper documents.  Light levels were compared to industry recommendations for: 1) patrons with older versus younger eyes; and 2) artifact material composition.  Some exhibits were over-illuminated indicating waste and potential artifact damage.  Other exhibits were under-illuminated indicating a need especially to accommodate older patrons.  This field study’s findings begin to fill gaps in the literature. Currently, few case studies document standards compliance of museums have been published.

7.  Paulette R. Hebert, Yingsawad Chaiyakul, and Teeraphat Nongha, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma; and Khon Kaen University, Thailand

Measuring Light and Color Characteristics within a University Exhibit in Thailand
Abstract – Light and color characteristics within a university exhibit in northeastern Thailand were field-examined by an inter-institutional faculty and student team.  Displayed Thai temple artifacts, observed during the study period, included cultural heritage objects, architectural student models, and research posters of recent architectural case studies.  Research issues were: 1) determining the appropriateness of the existing lighting and surface colors of the university exhibit rooms; and testing low tech and high tech hand-held instruments for light and color identification and documentation prior to launch of a larger study in rural Thailand.  Konica Minolta illuminance meter, Sherwin Williams printed color palette chart, Color Munki digital scanner, and a laptop with Pantone library software were utilized.  A digital color palette was developed with associated Pantone identifiers.  The instruments were found to be lightweight and easy-to-use.  Light levels, reflectance values, and room colors were compared to current recommendations.  Some light and color characteristics of the university exhibit rooms did not meet those recommendations.

8.  Paulette R. Hebert and Molly Jackson, Design, Housing and Merchandising, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma

Undergraduate American Student Global Engagement Through Museum Design
Abstract – Historic and contemporary art, crafts and cultural heritage thrive in Ethiopia.  An Ethiopian University’s request for museum designs was incorporated into a required undergraduate environmental design course in an American University’s accredited program.  Students learned to select Ethiopian artifacts, museum display furniture, furnishings and finishes, and applied lighting techniques to enhance and protect museum displays.  Students were instructed in light mapping techniques to communicate proposed lighting solutions with yellow pencil color applied over black and white 3-D perspective sketches to convey light level hierarchy.  Selections of humidity controls, temperature controls, and security devices protected and preserved artifacts.  Over five consecutive years, 108 students participated in annual assignment. One student’s recent solutions are highlighted.  Project addressed several Council for Interior Design Accreditation professional standard competencies:  Standard 4. Global Context; Standard 12. Light and Color; and Standard 14. Environmental Systems and Comfort. Students benefited from hands-on problem solving with real world challenges.

9.  Stance Hurst, Museum of Texas Tech University and Heritage and Museum Sciences Faculty, Lubbock, Texas

Using Drones to Document Constructed Heritage
Abstract – Drones are rapidly being deployed to document and examine historical architecture within their associated landscapes.  As part of the Lubbock Lake Landmark regional research program, a case study was developed to examine the use of drones to document the Anglo-American settlement of northwest Texas along the eastern escarpment of the Southern High Plains, near Post, Texas. The historical record (~1874 – 1950) in this region consists of pastores (Spanish sheepherders from New Mexico), buffalo hunters, cattle ranchers, and early homesteaders. Images from the drone were used to construct 3D models of a pastores corral, a cattle ranch headquarters, a buffalo hunters camp, and a homesteader’s rock house. These 3D models then were added to the Lubbock Lake Landmark’s website for public viewing. Results from this work indicate that drones and 3D modeling facilitate the documentation of heritage on the landscape and provide a platform that offers accessibility for interested communities.

10.  Aditya Jayadas and Paulette R. Hebert, Design, Housing and Merchandising, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma

An Updated Look at 3D Printing:  Practical Considerations and New Business Opportunities for Museums
Abstract – Patrons’ virtual museum visits are increasingly common but the physical presence of displayed 3D artifacts can compel actual museum visits. Improved 3D printing technologies now enable re-creation of complex objects in multiple media (plastic, metal, wood) for display purposes.  This exploratory study provides an overview of such technologies so that museums can better make use of this technology. An online search of different types of 3D filaments, along with state-of-the-art 3D printers and software, and facilities needed to setup a 3D printing operation was carried out. Practical considerations, specific steps and associated costs to implement a 3D scanning and printing operations at museums or outsourced 3-D printing are shared with a discussion of 3D filaments, 3D printers and software. The benefits of using 3D printing technology for museums is greater audience access to collections, use of replicas of fragile artifacts and creation of scaled models to sell to museum visitors.

11.  Brittany Porter, New Mexico Historic Sites, Lincoln, New Mexico

The Cadet Nurse Corps and the Nurses of Fort Stanton
Abstract – The United States Public Health Service ran the tuberculosis hospital at Fort Stanton (New Mexico) from 1899 to 1953.  Nursing was an important component in the treatment of tuberculosis. The Cadet Nurse Corps, a division of the Public Health Service, was established with the passing of the Bolton Act on June 4, 1943.  The creation of the Corps happened because of the nursing shortage created by World War II.  To add to the existing hospital exhibit at Fort Stanton Historic Site, a new exhibit was created looking at the Cadet Nurse Corps and nurses at Fort Stanton. The purpose of the exhibit was to present a previously unexplored history of Fort Stanton. Information on nurses at Fort Stanton was scarce, so bringing together the history was difficult at times. The exhibit explores the importance of nursing and the little-known Cadet Nurse Corps. This exhibit is beneficial because women have been underrepresented in the history presented at Fort Stanton.

12.  Megan Reel and Jessica Stepp, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas

Designing a Mobile Application for a Small Museum
Abstract – Innovative technology increasingly is a way for museums to stay relevant to their audience, and mobile applications have become a popular way for museums to engage visitors.  Custom, robust apps, however, are expensive and difficult to implement, thus creating a barrier for small museums.  The Lubbock Lake Landmark, a small satellite facility of the Museum of Texas Tech University, has with limited resources yet produced its app in-house. It has relied on a scaled, phased approach to address the resource challenges of developing an app.  Agile development techniques used in the Landmark’s mobile app production include: iteration; prototyping; realistic, scaled goals; and design thinking.  A scaled design approach has guided all phases of development, from beginning ideas to the initial launch to minor updates and major version upgrades.  While this app was completed in-house, similar process decisions pertain to museums with a limited budget that are contemplating in-house development or are coordinating with outside developers. 

13.  Tiffany Santos, Zuhl Museum, Las Cruces, New Mexico

The Zuhl Museum.  Building Audience for a Small, Unique Collection
Abstract – The challenge of the Zuhl Museum at New Mexico State University, containing over 1,900 specimens of petrified wood, fossils and minerals, is marketing to the community and providing a safe learning environment to serve the needs of the diverse community. Creative social media marketing campaign and unique exhibits brought in 4,800 visitors in 2018 (increase of over 1,400 from 2017 with 1/4 being youth). One staff member and internship programs in cooperation with the Geology Department along with volunteer training programs and participation in on and off-campus events have been critical to the success of the 14-year old museum. A recent expansion offering a youth learning center with hands-on activities and the addition of weekend hours has increased family visitors. Through marketing and expansion, this unique collection has been brought to life via a partnership of a private donor, the university, and the community.

14.  Judith Stauber, Los Alamos-Japan Institute, Los Alamos, New Mexico

Los Alamos-Japan Institute (LAJI):  Atomic Witness Experiences in New Mexico and Japan
Abstract – Los Alamos, Hiroshima, and Nagasaki are connected by the atomic bomb—places where deeply held cultural beliefs preserve prideful and painful histories that remain divisive and relevant today. These community histories often do not intersect and LAJI employs communication to bridge these places of conscience. Work promotes direct interaction between atomic legacy communities, museums, scientists, hibakusha/survivors, artists, educators in the US and Japan. Intercultural theory is used to integrate fieldwork, partnership, and cultural exchange to design and develop new participatory experiences, communicate collective memory, and build new understanding, empathy, and shared community connections. Program development is ongoing through interactive experiences. The history shared by Los Alamos and Japan brought about world-changing nuclear events that persist today. Intercultural partnerships between atomic legacy communities improve efforts to understand contentious viewpoints and values that remain critical and ongoing.

15.  Stephen L. Whittington, National Mining Hall of Fame and Museum, Leadville, Colorado

Partnering for Successful Historic Preservation of the Matchless Mine
Abstract – The National Mining Hall of Fame and Museum operates the Matchless Mine, important to local, Colorado, and national mining history.  The mine’s structures are more than 100 years old and have suffered from Leadville’s snowy winters and harsh summer sunlight.  A 2010 historic structure assessment has developed a set of preservation priorities for the NMHFM to act upon.  Beginning in 2014, structures are being preserved in order of their potential for collapse.  The first structure stabilized is the powder magazine and the second is the headframe.  The next targeted for work is the hoist house.  Projects that comply with historic preservation standards are expensive.  By partnering with HistoriCorps, a nonprofit historic preservation organization that relies on volunteer labor to accomplish projects, the NMHFM has been able to reduce expenses significantly and use the value of HistoriCorps’ in-kind donations to leverage grants and donations that have made preservation efforts successful.

16.  Kathleen Wilson, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas

Creating Accessibility – a Box Inventory Database for a Temporary Housing Facility
Abstract – The Quaternary Research Center (QRC) at Lubbock Lake Landmark serves as temporary housing for field-generated collections before they are transferred to the Museum of Texas Tech University for permanent housing and care.  While at the QRC, collections are housed in Gaylord acid-free boxes and stored on metal racks throughout the building.  Previously, objects had been given the temporary location of QRC in their catalog records. This broad and not very informative designation created much confusion and made locating objects extremely difficult.  Using FileMaker Pro, a database has been created to generate unique box numbers coupled with labeled bays and shelves to track the status and location of the collections within the building.   The database and box numbers allow staff members to identify quickly the location of a particular object and have aided in problem solving within the collections.  Overall, the implementation of this database has improved significantly the accessibility of the objects and staff’s ability to care for the collections.

17.  Stephanie Wilson, Georgia O’Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, New Mexico

Making Digital Project Management Tools Work for You
Abstract – Every day, museums juggle projects, people, and resources to fulfill their missions. Keeping track of every detail can be exhausting. Cost-effective, digital project management tools can streamline a team’s work, increasing transparency, accountability, and communication. With an ever-growing range of digital tools available, deciding what will work for your team can feel daunting. After interviewing colleagues using digital tools, the O’Keeffe chose Wrike for its robust interface. The O’Keeffe uses Wrike to manage cross-departmental projects and maximize team capacity. The O’Keeffe has learned that adding a digital tool – and workflow disrupter – requires time, persistent training, team investment, a careful balance of different communication channels, and patience. While incorporating a digital tool has been a long-term undertaking, using Wrike has improved how teams at the O’Keeffe work together to track tasks and plan projects with greater flexibility and efficiency than traditional means of organization.

Graduate Student Posters

1.  Amena Butler, Museum Studies Program, University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, Oklahoma

Contemporary Colonization: The Dutch Ankara Print Fabrics of the Kuba Kingdom
Abstract – The history of Dutch Wax print fabrics associated with Central and West Africa is complex and unusual. These textiles sold globally by European and Asian companies in African markets does not make them authentically African. Rather, the commercialization demonstrates the contemporary form of colonization through the agency of global resources of countries outside of Africa. This examination utilizes research from the University of Central Oklahoma’s African textile collection and communication with the curator of Dutch Language collections at The British Library, all of which helped identify Dutch sources, including European companies that market their African fabrics directly to Africa. This research broadens the study on contemporary colonization of African societies by providing provenance of African textile designs, authenticity of labels, and their country of origin. Textiles made by, manufactured and sold by African societies and the diaspora are considered authentically African and should be named as such. 

2.  Beth Hellstern, Museum Studies Program, University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, Oklahoma

Integrated:  Engaging Interdepartmental Resources in a University Museum 
Abstract – Museum resources usually are limited.  Yet, museums may have more resources available than they realize by utilizing interdepartmental resources.  As a case study, the Laboratory of History Museum of the University of Central Oklahoma has an object listed as being crafted from human hair, but further research into that type of object revealed that the material might be camel hair instead. To solve this question, the object was taken to the university’s Forensic Science Department, where faculty and students used a scanning electron microscope on a small section of naturally shed fiber. By observing the hair shaft, it was confirmed that the material was indeed human in origin. The results provide an example of how museums, especially those already attached to an organization such as a university, might engage diverse resources and new technologies to advance the understanding of their collections.

3.  Peter Kavourgias, Museum Studies Program, University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, Oklahoma

Tracing the History of the Dutch Church Book Collection in London
Abstract – During World War II, Lambeth Palace, home to the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Lambeth Palace Library in London, suffered significant damage during the German bombing raids, partially destroying its library that resulted in approximately a loss of a third of its collection. Following the war, a donation from the Dutch Church remained in the Lambeth Palace Library. Significant gaps exist in the historical records of both the Dutch Church and Lambeth Palace. By developing a historical record of the collection through the use of existing literature, archives, on-site examination of items, and interviews, an accurate account involving the circumstances surrounding the significant donation to Lambeth Palace was created, along with discovering how books from the collection came to be located in other archives and institutions around London. This knowledge now assists with the interpretation, cataloging, and understanding of the collection and the history that surrounds it

4.  Melissa LaFortune, Graduate Research Assistant, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas

Provenience Tags Reloaded: Digitizing Archaeological Documents
Abstract – When archaeological collections are severed from their provenience, all value is lost. Future collections management troubleshooting can be improved by designing programs to digitize and compile the field archives of collections that have become dissociated from their documentation. The documentation for the Jones Station Collection has been scanned and uploaded onto an Excel database where all information including each catalog number can be searched. Misplaced data and collection processing by different people have resulted in the dissociation of objects and their data. The digitization of field documents is useful in assisting museum staff with the completion of data entry and preventing future loss through the preservation of provenience. The results of the digitization of the Jones Station field data has assisted successfully and efficiently in correcting data migration errors and reuniting dissociated objects with their documentation. This method can be applied to other collections with lost provenience to aid in problem solving and preserving the integrity of archaeological collections.

5.  Mingqian Liu, Department of Architecture, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas

Promoting Diversity and Inclusion through Educational Outreach:  A Collaboration between University Archives and Student Organization
Abstract – University archives host tangible collections and important information regarding campus history and culture. A continuing challenge for universities is to address the diversity and inclusion on campus, in order for students of different backgrounds to see themselves being represented, thus further benefitting from their educational experience. Facing this challenge, a program grew out of the collaboration between Texas A&M University’s Cushing Memorial Library & Archives and the student organization Preservation and Conservation Student Society. Using collection materials and interactive learning experience, the student group hosted a series of on-campus walking tours that focused on diversity and inclusion aspects of campus building history, especially on women’s, minorities, and immigrants’ contributions. Significance of such collaboration include making campus traditions more accessible for historically underrepresented students; increasing the visibility of campus archives and collections; as well as promoting a diverse and inclusive campus environment that support students from all backgrounds.

6.  Jordan Lucier and Michela Kuykendall, Graduate Research Assistant, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas; and Helen DeVitt Jones Fellow, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas

Archaeology in Action Day Evaluation
Abstract – Every year, Lubbock Lake Landmark hosts an event allowing visitors to learn about the field of archaeology through tours, activities, and interactive observation of a current excavation. Prior to 2019, little by way of formal evaluation has been done concerning this event, but current evaluation research fills this gap. It utilizes qualitative and quantitative methods, as well as a review of scholarly literature covering both the public’s knowledge of archaeology and the outcomes of similar events. Using this approach, Archaeology in Action Day has been evaluated as an educational event that is successful in providing an introduction to the processes of archaeology and how the field relates to the regional heritage. Future improvements to evaluation methods include increasing the amount of in-depth visitor feedback generated on the day of the event, creating a way to track changes, and making adjustments to future event activities accordingly.

7.  Jessica Morris, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas

Collections Care:  It Takes a Village
Abstract – The responsible stewardship of collections with material types beyond the expertise of an institution requires outside sources of assistance. A collaborative effort of three community organizations was undertaken for the identification of and assembly of preventive conservation recommendations for 64 historic textiles. Baseline information on the collection was created through inventory and condition reports. It took multiple in-house consultants and additional outside scholarly resources to identify the textile material types and subsequent appropriate care. Approved cleaning techniques implemented with the objects and further management suggestions were documented through photos and a compiled report. The resultant information outlined means to further slow degradation of these textiles via object specific archival-quality packaging and environmental controls. This knowledge can aid the textile caretakers in greater collections management. While the longevity of objects is never guaranteed, with guidance and proper management, a collection can be maintained in the best possible condition.

8.  Nichole Mousavizadegan, Museum Studies Program, University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, Oklahoma

Romance vs. Fact
Abstract - Perceptions of the value and contribution of archaeology can be highly clouded by preconceived notions, even for museum professionals.  The romanticized view of archaeology, as compared to the reality of archaeological methods, shows many differences, although pop culture and other contemporary representations contain some accuracies. The comparison is based on an analysis of the action and romanticized view of archaeology presented by Indiana Jones and the methods found in these movies vs. that of professional archaeologists. For example, the methods used to gather information on dig sites and systematically unearth artifacts. The information provided is compiled through a comparative analysis of the first three Indiana Jones movies and data gathered through interviews with the Oklahoma State Archaeologist and four other Oklahoma archaeologists. Museum professionals can utilize this analysis to accommodate the general populace’s preconceived notions better and lead them to a greater understanding of the profession’s true face and real methods.

9.  Cassie Munnell and Kelsey Unger, J.T. and Margaret Talkington Graduate Fellow, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas; and Helen DeVitt Jones Fellow, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas

Folded or Flat: Better Belt Storage
Abstract – Small museums may have difficulties maintaining the correct environment needed to preserve objects such as leather and cloth belts, that can be affected negatively by incorrect temperature. A solution can be to store the belts in less damaging ways. The best options are storing belts laying flat or in a looped position for leather or folded for cloth. Experiment belts were divided into control and non-control groups. The load bearing capability was determined first. The non-control group was laid out, either straight or folded, and subjected to heat using a hand-held hair dryer. After heat exposure, load bearing capacity was checked, and differences noted. All flat belts experienced dimensional change, both stretching and shrinking, while folded belts did not. The weight bearing capacity was not affected, although the cloth laid flat felt weaker. Storing in a looped position is better for leather, while folded is better for cloth belts.

10.  Megan Ostrenga, CH Foundation Graduate Fellow, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas

Increasing Access to Collections Through 3D Modelling 
Abstract – Museums are using
 new technologies to increase access to their collections for visitors, researchers, and educators. One method to increase access is through the production of 3D models. 3D models safeguard collections by providing an accurate, scaled, and detailed representation of the original object backed-up in multiple formats and made available for sharing online and for 3D printing.  To explore this approach, Triassic-age (251-199 million years ago) holotypes (original specimens used to define a new species) from the Division of Paleontology at the Museum of Texas Tech University were 3D modelled utilizing Agisoft Metashape for photogrammetry.  To determine the viability of the 3D models, they were shared online with SketchFab along with user surveys. The surveys indicate 3D models are a viable method for increasing access to museum collections that otherwise would be unavailable.

11.  Ariel M. Reker, J.T. and Margaret Talkington Graduate Fellow, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas

Sustainable Divestment:  Green Disposal of Technical Books and Periodicals for Museum Libraries
Abstract – Getting rid of outdated and unwanted books and periodicals concerns many research libraries and cultural institutions. These materials do not need to be incinerated or end up in landfills, as many options are available for recycling. The Heritage and Museum Sciences Research Library of the Museum of Texas Tech University recently divested books and periodicals from their collection. The materials first were offered to faculty, staff, and students. Then, green disposal methods were sought for remaining materials through phone interviews and internet research.  International, national, and local organizations provided resources not just for technical books and periodicals like those from the Research Library. The materials were given to the local public library for their quarterly book sale. If not saleable, they were donated to a national charity organization to shred for housing insulation. These options show museum libraries can practice sustainability within their divestment procedures by practicing green disposal.

12.  Eric Richard, J.T. and Margaret Talkington Graduate Fellow, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas

Documenting Sewing Machines in a History Collection
Abstract - Antique sewing machines are very common in many museums that collect furniture, but the models and companies of these machines may not be common knowledge. The objectives were to document, inventory, and conduct condition reports on the more than 35 sewing machines in the collection of the Museum of Texas Tech University. Many of these objects had been moved since past inventories, have gone missing in the database, or simply been unlabeled or mislabel with the wrong accession numbers. A mini collections management plan was created just for the collection of sewing machines. The results were a better documentation of the sewing machines in the collection and knowledge for future acquisitions. The endeavor increased the data and history known about these objects and has led to a better understanding of the scope of the collection and possible deaccessions.

13.  Jane Richardson, Museum and Field Studies, University of Colorado Museum of Natural History, Boulder, Colorado

Cultural Care Policies and Collections Stewardship
Abstract – Tribal museums and cultural centers utilize standard Western preservation practices, but orient them to reflect their values better in creating cultural care policies. Collection management policies from several tribal museums and cultural centers have been examined by comparing their policy documents, website information, and phone calls with collection managers to determine how they apply their objectives to culturally sensitive and repatriated items. By using Indigenous and Western preservation methods, these institutions serve as keeping places to ensure tribal cultural continuance. These policies demonstrate the large variation in cultural care practices that differs across communities. To implement tribal specific practices, Western museums should contact and engage with the appropriate tribal representative who can provide recommended guided practices. Museums should include cultural care policies as part of their standard collections stewardship. That inclusion supports cultural preservation by actively maintaining a community’s cultural continuity – their Indigenous values and beliefs.

14.  Brandy Smith, Museum Studies Program, University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, Oklahoma

Engagement of the LGBTQ+ Community Through Exhibitions
Abstract – The LGBTQ+ community is often looked at by outsiders as a new development. Examples of the community are known throughout history. Understanding these figures and their roles in the history of the community is necessary for better inclusivity in the prioritized viewpoint common in American educational values. Exhibits on LGBTQ+ subject matter rarely are seen outside of focused museums. This situation leaves it on the fringes versus educating the general public. Despite the positive strides made, the potential engagement of this community is still not commonplace. Articles found in web searches listing top 10 dedicated museums are followed with protests by groups like the Westboro Baptist Church. The attitude displayed by these groups illustrates the need for further LGBTQ+ engagement. Being a center of history and education, museums must endeavor to take part in public enlightenment for the betterment of the overall community. 

15.  Diana Vargas, Helen DeVitt Jones Fellow, Heritage and Museum Sciences Program, Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas

Organization of the Mystery Post Quarry Fossils
Abstract – Part of the collections of the Paleontology Division of the Museum of Texas Tech University is in the process of documentation and preparation due to past lack of accountability.  To undertake the documentation of the remaining fossils is vital to the division because it provides more accurate information about what objects are found in the physical collections and the collections database.  The problem is approached by preparing the fossils for identification via cleaning of sediments, reassembling pieces with approved adhesives, and assigning catalog numbers to each fossil for digital documentation.  A small number of fossils, apparently hastily reassembled, exhibit epoxy that discolors and is irreversible.  Results of the process include improved accessibility to the collections and additional space for objects. The most important point gathered from the documentation process is a need for further accountability with the Paleontology Division collections to maintain integrity of the fossils and accessibility of information.

16.  Andrew Wayland, Museum Studies Program, Casper College, Casper, Wyoming

The Good, The Bad, and The Banned:  Creating the Exhibit
Abstract – In an effort to gain first-hand experience, Casper College students worked with the Fort Caspar Museum to develop an exhibit from the firearms collection housed at the museum. The objective was to learn about the process that goes into generating an exhibit at a museum. Meetings were held with the Fort Caspar staff to understand the collection, display, and object handling processes regarding the firearms. Placing the exhibit at Fort Caspar allowed for students to work within the constraints of the museum.  Two obstacles were time constraints and having students drop from the effort.  The positive outcomes of the exhibit from a student perspective was understanding museum work and developing an understanding of how to care for objects properly and set up a professional exhibit. Students were able to complete objectives and create an exhibit that displays research and knowledge about the firearms.

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